Lesson 1: International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

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International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

The English language may have only 26 letters, but it has over 40 different sounds! You need to be familiar with each sound, and its proper pronunciation in order for you to speak natural English.

So, how can you learn the sounds of English?

There is a special system that uses a group of symbols to represent each sound.

Follow our tutorial to learn what sound each symbol indicates, and how to pronounce that sound correctly.

That way, you will learn and practice the actual sounds of English!

Here is the place to mention that this tutorial covers American pronunciation only.

Good job! Let’s move on!

Some Definitions

The system of symbols is called International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPAin short.

Phonetic means "using special signs to represent the sounds of speech". 
It comes from the Greek word phone which means "sound". 

Vowel is a sound we make when the breath flows out through the mouth freely, without being blocked. The English letters a, e, i, o, u are called vowels, because they represent such sounds. 
It comes from the Latin word vox which means "voice".

Diphthong is a vowel sound made by pronouncing two vowels quickly one after the other. For example, the vowel sound in "loud" is a diphthong.
It comes from the Latin word diphthongus which means "two sounds".

Consonant is a sound we make that is not a vowel. The breath is somehow blocked on its way out of the mouth. For example, the sound B is made when breath flow is stopped with the lips. All the English letters which are not vowels are called consonants. These are: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z. 

Giới thiệu về Cô Nhã

Cô Nhã (thạc sĩ chuyên ngành giảng dạy ngôn ngữ tại đại học Queensland, Australia), giáo viên Đại học Ngoại ngữ đã có kinh nghiệm dạy IELTS hơn 20 năm. Cùng với nhóm giáo viên của Đại học Ngoại ngữ trong những năm qua cô đã giảng dạy cho hàng ngàn học sinh, sinh viên, người đi làm. Rất nhiều trong số này đã đạt được 7.5 đến 8.5 trong kỳ thi IELTS.

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