K:(kid, talk, black)
G/g:(go, big, dog)
The K and hard G sounds are often studied as a pair because they are made in the same part of the mouth. They are both stop consonants, but the K sound is voiceless and the G sound is voiced.
The voiceless (unvoiced) K sound (IPA symbol: k) can be found in English words such as cat, kid, black, box, cake, quit, and chorus
The voiced G sound (IPA symbol: g) can be found in English words such as girl, go, egg, big, single, and dog.
The G consonant can also make a softer j sound that is found in words such as Germany and gym (IPA symbol: dʒ). We will study this sound in a later lesson.
Both of these sounds are called stop consonants. That means the air used to make these sounds is stopped for a short time before it exits your mouth. Both of these sounds are produced by stopping air in the back part of your mouth. The back part of your tongue should touch the roof of your mouth in the back to briefly stop the air. You release the air to make these sounds. The force of the air is stronger for the K sound than the G sound. The G sound is voiced while the K sound is voiceless.
Voiced and voiceless sounds
In the English language, we use many voiced sounds. That means that the vocal cords vibrate when you say that sound. The G sound is a voiced sound because the vocal cords vibrate when you make the sound.
The K sound is a voiceless or unvoiced sound because the vocal cords do not vibrate when you make the sound. Instead, we use air to make the sound.
Practice the voiceless K sound
There are six spellings of the K sound: k, ck, c, ch, x, qu/que.
(If C is followed by the letters E or I, the word will usually be pronounced with an S sound: city, face.)
The x spelling can be pronounced in two different ways:
ch spelling - These words are a challenge.
(The most common pronunciation for the ch spelling is the CH sound as in China. We will study this sound in a later lesson.)
In these words, the ch spelling is pronounced with a K sound.
qu/que spelling - These words are more difficult.
The qu / que spelling is pronounced as a K + W sound.
When the que spelling is at the end of the word it is pronounced as only a K sound.
Now practice the voiced G sound
Now, let's practice the voiced G sound. Remember, your vocal cords should vibrate when you make this sound.
There are three spellings of the G sound: g/gg, ng, gue.
The g spelling sometimes makes a softer g or j sound like in Germany. Words are pronounced with the softer j sound when the g spelling is followed by e, i, or, y (giant, gym, large). All other spellings should be pronounced with the hard G sound you have learned about in this lesson.
You can learn more about the ng pronunciation in this lesson: The Nasal Sounds: M, N, and NG.
gue spelling - These are challenging words.
When the gue spelling is at the end of the word, it is usually pronounced as a G sound only.
Some words do not follow the rule.
When the gue spelling is in the middle or beginning of a word, it is pronounced as a g + vowel sound.
You can use a dictionary or online pronunciation guide to help you learn the correct pronunciation of new vocabulary words.
Finally, practice the sounds side-by-side
Remember to voice the G sound and use only air for the K sound!
Now say these sentences out loud.
The K sounds are in blue. The G sounds are in green:
1) The dog can lick the girl.
2) Kick the big green ball.
3) The big cake cooled in the kitchen.
4) The school chorus will sing for the queen in England.
5) Get a clean fork from the sink.
6) Please be quiet so I can ask you a quick question.
7) I think I like to speak the English language.
8) The kitten is in black the box.
9) Bring Kate the bigger egg.
10) He quickly corrected the group.
Remember to practice these two sounds together, so you can learn their differences and say them correctly!
Good job! Let’s move on!
Cô Nhã (thạc sĩ chuyên ngành giảng dạy ngôn ngữ tại đại học Queensland, Australia), giáo viên Đại học Ngoại ngữ đã có kinh nghiệm dạy IELTS hơn 20 năm. Cùng với nhóm giáo viên của Đại học Ngoại ngữ trong những năm qua cô đã giảng dạy cho hàng ngàn học sinh, sinh viên, người đi làm. Rất nhiều trong số này đã đạt được 7.5 đến 8.5 trong kỳ thi IELTS.